Optical fiber is a long thin cylindrical fiber made from plastic or glass, that is as small as one tenth of the human hair. A typical optical fiber for telecom is made up of three layers of cylindrical shape, arranged from the inside out: fiber core (diameter 8~10um) and cladding (diameter 130um) and buffer coating (diameter 900um).
The fiber core and cladding are made from glass or silica. The fiber core and the layers of cladding combine to contain the light inside the core, without leaking. Fiber buffer coating is made from acrylic or plastic and offers handling flexibility as well as physical protection to the fiber.
Fiber optics employ an optical phenomenon known as total internal reflection. When light is injected into the fiber from the end, it becomes kept inside the core not leaking out and wasting its energy.
Then, light is digitally modified to represent the numbers 1 and 0 like a computer, and information can be transferred from one site to another site which may be from San Francisco all the way to New York.
What are fiber optic connectors ? And how do they function?
Now you understand how optical fibers operate. So what exactly is the fiber optic connector? And what’s its function in a fiber optic telecommunication network?
Simply put, a fiber optic connector’s job is similar to an electric power plug It connects light from one section that is optical to another segment that is optical.
Because optical fibers are tiny, fiber optic connectors have to be designed with extreme precision, at the scale that is 0.1um, which equals one hundredth the human hair.
Fiber optic connectors align two fibers end to end to ensure that light is able to be transferred from one fiber to another without bounce off the connector and losing its signal.
Besides the fact that fiber optic connectors offer cross connect flexibility for the telecommunication network. Therefore, a computer network that is complex could be made modular and http://18.104.22.168/site-7817.html manageable.
Similar to other connectors utilized in the electronic industry, the electric industry, and computer industry, many different kinds and types of connectors for fiber optics were developed in the course of development of the fiber optic communication industry. Certain of them were extremely popular in the field and now have been used for a variety of purposes, but are now disappearing.
The most well-known fiber optic connectors that are used today comprise SC, ST, LC, FC, MTRJ, SMA as well as a few lesser-known ones. You will surely see new connectors invented with the development of the industry.